The West Between the Wars 1919-1939
Justin, Lindsay, and Aaron

"He alone, who owns the youth, gains the future." Adolf Hitler


Hitler and the Nazi had a lot to do with the problems at this time. Hitler had a lot against Jews. He sent them to consetration camps. He sent them there just because of what they believed in. it didn't matter how old you were or if you were male or female, you went either way. Technically, he himself did very little to the Jews. But he was the force behind a big amount of terrible things done to the jews, along with anyone else that wasn't perfect enough. He thought that the perfect people had blonde hair and blue eyes, even though he himself doesn't have those trates. He made ghettos for the Jews. These were like mini towns in Germany that kept the Jews from leaving. They would go in and take Jews when they were needed at the concentration camps. Sometimes the person in charge is just as guilty as the perpetrator.

The depression was a big problem for Germany. There was a bad drought that caused a famine. Germany workers went on strike and the governement paid their saleries by making more paper money. This added to the inflation that already started after the war. The German mark then became worthless. By 1923 it took 130 billion marks to equal 1 dollar. Then there was a runaway inflation everywhere. People would use wheel barrels to carry home their pay. For example. A women went into a store but left a basket of money in her car. When she came back, the basket was gone, but all the money was still there. Thongs really turned around for money.


At this time there was a rise in fasicsm. Italy experienced big economic problems after WWI. Inflation went up and industrial and agricultural workers went on strike. Socialissts also spoke of revolution. The middle started to fear a communist take over that has also happened earlier in Russia. Because of all these strikes that were occuring, Mussolini formed bands of nblack-shirted, armed Fascists called squadristi. These groups attacked newespaper and socialist offices. They also used violence to break up strikes. Some people began to follow Mussolini. By 1922, Mussolini's movement was growing fast. He then understood that nationalism was a powerful force. For that he wanted more land for Italy that the people wanted.



People:
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: became president in 1932 he thought that capitalism had to be reformed for it to be saved.
John Maynard Keynes: published his General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Monkey. He thought that depression should be solved on its own.
Benito Mussolini: established the first European fascist movement in Italy. Started as a socialist.
Joseph Stalin: A Politburo member. He had a personal rivalry between Leon Trotsky.
Leon Trotsky: he held the post commissar of war. He was murdered in Mexico in 1940.
Franciso Frano: was the general of Spanisih military forces which started a bloody civil war. He captured Madrid.
Adolf Hitler: was a ruler of Germany. He was against Jews and had his Nazi party to support him. He started the Holacaust.
Heinrich Himmler: directed the SS which came to control not only in the secret police forces, but also the regular police forces.
Joseph Goebbles: he was the propaganda minister of Nazi Germany. He created a special film division in his ministery.
Salvador Dali: the high priest of surrealism. He painted everydasy objects but seperated them from their normal contexts.

Terms:

1 Mein Kampf- means my struggle in german, written by Adolf Hitler in prison, was an account of his movement and its basic ideas
2 Popular Front: form of government started a program for workers, which gave them the right to collective bargaining
3 Fascism- glorifies the state above the individual by emphasizing the need for a strong central government led by a dictatorial ruler
4 Enabling Act: passed by a 66 percent majority became law on 3/23/1933 it allowed Hitler to rule by decree without even the need for an agreement of the president
5 Aryan- German Nazis thought that this was the master race, the idea brought up by Hitler, which is the German race
6 Depression- period of low economic acticity and risig unemployment, which is worse that a recession.
7 Deficit Spending- had to go into debt, government should finance projects, which can lead to trillions of national debt.
8 Collectivization- system in which private farms were eliminated, which made it difficult for some goods to be available to the people
9 New Economic Policy- policy that modified version of the old capitalist system
10 Reichstag- German parliament, main legislature of the German state under the second and third Reichs


Timeline:
1922: Communists create the Unoin of Soviet Socialist Republics
1924: Hitler writes first volume of Mein Kampf
1926: Mussolini creates a Fascist dictatorship in Italy
1929: Stalin establishes dictatorship in Soviet Union
1929: The Great Depression begins following the November 29, 1929 stock market crash
1932: Franklin Delano Roosevelt is elected president of the U.S.
1933: Hitler becomes chancellor of Germany
1936 Spanish Civil War begins
1938 Times Magazine names Adolf Hitler as the Man of the Year

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Woman who looks older, but because of depression