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1917-1920
"One man with a gun can control 100 without one. ”
Vladimir Lenin


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R.R. Map!

The Russian Revolution was a very big event during this Revolution. During this time there were a lot of strikes that broke out. One was in March 1917 that was led by the women of the working-class. They started to think that they were keeping bread from them and was tired of having to work so hard for little bread. They yelled “ Peace and Bread”. The riot got so bad that Czar commanded his soldiers to shoot. But then his elite guard refused to shoot and he lost complete control. Vladimir says “ Here the Working-class women helped to change the course of Russian History”. Alexandra called this a hooligan movement.



Lenin was a very important person. It all started with Bolsheviks as a small faction of a Marxist party called the Russian Social Democrats. Bolsheviks soon became under the power of Lenin. He made Bolsheviks a party devoted to violent revolution. He thought that this was the only way to defeat the capitalist system. Lenin saw the opportunity to seize power in March 1917. Germany then shipped Lennin to Russia in a sealed train. At this time, the Bolsheviks reflected the dicontent with the people and promised and end to the war.

Many people were opposed to the Bolshevik. This group contained not only groups loyal to the Czar, but also liberals and anti-Leninist socialists. They were joined with the Allies who were concerned about Communist takeover. They kept trying to get Russia back into the war by sending troop to parts of Russia. The first big fight was from Siberia. Attacks also started to come from the Ukraine and from the Balti regions. In 1919 the forced through the Ukraine and made it almost to Moscow before being pushed back. Then in 1920 the Ukraine was retaken. The royal family then was taken into captivity including him, his wife and kids. On the night of July 16, members of the soviet murdered them and set their bodies on fire.


People:
Alexandra: A willfull, stubborn, German born wife of Czar Nicholas. She was under the influence of Grigori Rassputin.
V.I. Lennin: also known as Vladimir Ilyich Ulianov. He became the ruler of Bolshevik and took control over a lot of places with them.
Alexander Kerensky: he headed the provisional government who decided to carry on war to preserve Russia's honor.
Czar Nicholas II: he was an autocratic ruler who relied on the army and bureaucracy to hold up his regime.
Leon Trotsky: he was a big reason that the Red Army was well-disciplined force and was a commisser of war.
Peter Stolypin: he was the Russian prime Minister.
Grigori Rasputin: also known as the “Mad Monk” he thought he was a holy man and faith healer, he was also a Siberian peasant
Alexis: he was Czar's only son. He had hemophili and he was the heir to the throne
Prince Felix: he was the leader of the conspirators
Anna Anderson: Daughter of Czar, wasnt sure if they found her real body.
Terms:
1 Soviets- government was also faced with a challenge to its authority, which is soviets, they were councils composed of representatives from the workers and soldiers.
2 Winter Palace- Bolshevik forces seized this place on November the 6th, which was the seat of the provisional government
3 Duma- legislative body, which the Czar had tried to dissolve, met anyhow. It established the provisional government, which mainly consisted of middle-class Duma representatives.
4 War communism- policy, was used to ensure regulatory supplies for the Red Army, it meant government was in control of alot of things
5 Cheka- Red secret police, began a Red Terror aimed at the destruction of all those who went against the new regime
6 Bolsheviks- they began as a small faction of a Marxist party named the Russian Social Democrats, they came under leadership of Vladimir Lenin.
7 Total War- is a war where a belligerent engages in the complete mobilization of fully available resources and population within a country or group
8 Militarism- belief or desire of a government or people that a country should maintain a strong military capability and be prepared to use it aggressively to promote or defend national desires
9 Revolution- fundamental change in power or organizational structures that takes place in a relatively short period of time
10 Communism- advocates war and leads to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their needs and abilities, and not choosing their own jobs themselves
Timeline:
1894: The last Czar of Russia takes power, Czar Nicholas II
1916: December, the Assassination of Rasputin
1916: Czar Nicholas II takes direct control of the Russian Army
1917: March 8, marks the Petrograd Riots
1917: April 16, Lenin returns to Russia after a hiatus
1918: July 16, Assassination of the Czar and his immediate family
1919: Czar Nicholas II ends his 25 year ruling of Russia
1924: January 21, Lenin dies
1928: Joseph Stalin takes power of Russia
1990's: The bodies of the Czar and his family are finally found


Monument of Vladimir Lenin
Monument of Vladimir Lenin

Portrait of Vladimir Lenin
Portrait of Vladimir Lenin

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Russian forces lined up in the street