Industrial Revolution1700-1914
Fraase, Lindsay, and Justin

light_bulb.jpg
The Light Bulb!

"Anything that won't sell, I don't want to invent. Its sale is proof of utility, and utility is success." Thomas A. Edison

There are a lot of events that happened at this time that helped us move towards better technology. At this time, railroads were the way of bringing goods to places. So in 1804, the first steam-powered locomotive ran on a rail-line. This lead other inventors to invent more steam-powered locomotives that became more efficient. With in 20 years, locomotives were able to reach 50 miles per hour. this really sped up production.

Cotton was a source that was used by almost everyone. It wasn't that easy to make though. It was a two step process. It was usually done by women that used a method known as cottage industry. They mostly did this in their own homes. This was a long process that took time to make. But then there was an invention that made weaving faster. It was called the "Flying shuttle". Now they need a fatser way to make thread. Then the spinning jenny was invented making thread faster and easier then ever.

Because of the new inventions and technology, factories reached new problems. They looked for more people to hire because they wanted to run the machines as much as possible. These rural people worked in shifts to keep the machines running.m

Theses working environments weren't the best to work in. If you were late ever, you would be fined. Child workers were oftern beaten. The workers would some day be replaced by machines that will do no errors.



Terms:

Puddling- The process in which involves removing impurities in crude iron
Telegraph- It is the long distance transmission of messages using an unique form of on and off coding system.
Monopoly- This process happens when a specific person or company is the only supplier or seller of a particular goods or commodity.
Interchangable Parts- It is a part that a vehicle has that will work on more than just a limited type of vehicle, became very useful and cheaper to fix vehicles.
Urbanization- The rapid, swift, and massive growth and migration from the rural areas to the large cities.
Industrial Capitalism- Characterized by the increasing use of machinery to maintain an economic balance through its production processes to production
Strike- Refusal of employees to perform their work that their employer has assigned for them in order to force the employer to grant certain demanded needs
Organic evolution- Any change across successful generations before the generations to come in the heritable characteristics of biological populations.
Natural Selection- Some organisms are generally more adaptable to their environment than others and thus surviving and pass their genes to the next generation
Psychoanalysis- A method of investigating the mental process and of treating some disorders of the mind

People:

Eli Whitney: invented the cotton gin which created the disperse of cotton seed from fiber much quicker

James Watt: In 1782, Watt improved the steam engine to make industries more productive.

Klemens von Metternich: A Austrian Foreign minister, he was the leader of the congress. He says he was quided at Vienna by the principle of legitimacy.

Robert Fulton: He built the first paddle-wheel steamboat and the Clermont in 1807.

James Hargreaves: He invented the spinning jenny. This really helped the production of making cotton.

Sigmund Freud: He studied and found out that the human behavior is strongly determined by our own unconscious.

Charles Darwin: He wrote the book On the Origin of Species in 1859. He studied the theory of evolution. He found that organisms have natural selection in order to survive.

Camillo di Cacour: He was a king and prime minister in 1852. He was a very dedicated political leader. He made an alliance with the French emperor Louis-Napoleon.

Otto Von Bismarck: Appointed by William I, he has often been seen as the politics of reality. He collected taxes and trengthened Germany's army.

William I: He was appointed the Kaiser, or the emperor. He appointed prime minister Otto von Bismarck.


spinning_jenny.jpg
The spinning jenny



factories.png
Factories popped up everywhere during these times



untitled.png
Kids were the workers in mines



View Industrial Revolution and over 3,000,000 other topics on Qwiki.

steam_engine.jpg
The steam engine was used for several things


woman_in_mine.jpg
Woman were often used in mines


loco.png
Locomotives were developed and later improved on








ir_map.png
Map during the I.R.










batteries.png
Batteries were invented during the I.R.
telegraph.png
the telegraph used morse code

SIT-Treffle-Desk-Telephone.jpg
The telephone was an upgrade of the telegraph

Timeline:

1764- the spinning jenny is invented
1782- James Watt made adjustments that made the engine to drive machinery
1783- Marks the end of the American Revolution
1804- First steam-powered locomotive ran on an industrial railroad in Britain
1807- Robert Fulton builds the first paddle wheel steamboat
1814- The Congress of Vienna meets
1830- First public railway line opens in Britain
1837- Victoria becomes the queen of Great Britain
1859- Charles Darwin published On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection
1871- Darwin published The Descent of Man
1879- Thomas Edison invented the lightbulb