indian.gif



Indian National Congress flag
Indian National Congress flag


Map of India
Map of India
Mother Teresa
Mother Teresa

"A man who was completely innocent, offered himself as a sacrifice for the good of others, including his enemies, and became the ransom of the world. It was a perfect act."- Mohandas Gandhi


After World War II, leaders in India relized that British India would have to be divided into two countries, one Hindu and one Muslim. Pakistan consisted of two regions separated by India. One part, West Pakistan, was to be northwest of India. The other, East Pakistan, was to the northeast. On August 15, 1947, India and Pakistan became independent. On January 30, 1948 a Hindu militant assassinated Mohandas Gandhi as he was on his way to a morning prayer.

Conflict between Hindus and Muslims continued to be a problem in India. In 1992, some Muslims and Hindus fought to control a historic holy place in the northern town of Adodhya. Hindu militants destroyed a Muslim shrine there that dated back to the 16th century. Hindu-Muslim riots then broke out all over India.

Taj Mahal in India
Taj Mahal in India

Religious differences also fueled a long-term dispute between India and Pakistan over Kashmir, a territory between the two nations.Today Pakistan controls one-third of Kashmir, and the rest is held by Indian control. Troops from both countries patrol the border between the two areas. The danger from this conflict escalated in 1998 when both India and Pakistan tested nuclear warheads. In 2002, border conflicts led to threats of war between these two nuclear powers.


People:
Queen Victory: also known as “Empress of India”
Mohandas Gandhi: referred to as India's Great Soul. He protested British laws by using civil disobedience.
Brigadier Reginald: he was the British Commander. He was also called “Butcher of Amritsar”
Du Bois: An African American that lead a movement that made all Africans aware of their own culture heritage.
Flag of India
Flag of India

Garvey: he stressed the need for the unity of all Africans, a movement known as Pan-Africanism which later impacted many Africans.
Pol Pot: the director of a brutal revolutionary regime in Cambodia. He was the leader of the Khmer Rouge.
Muslim shrine in India
Muslim shrine in India
Marcos: he was accused of involvement in the killing of a popular opposition leader.
Ho Chi Minh: Leader of the Wietnamese Communist movement. He was a dedicated follower of Lenin and then became a leader.
Nathuram Godse: This was the man that assined Gandhi
Jewaharla Nehru: He was India's first Prime Minister, also known as: Pandit” (teacher)
Lord Mountbatten: he was the last Viceroy of India
picture of Gandhi
picture of Gandhi



portrait of Ho Chi Minh
portrait of Ho Chi Minh


Maneka Gandhi getting her point across
Maneka Gandhi getting her point across



Terms
Sikhs- followers of a religion based on both Hindu and Muslim ideas
Punjab- Northern Province was mainly Sikhs that Gandhi refused and sent up and descended troops to in 1980
Salt March- where Gandhi took a 240 mile odyssey, to get salt to get it taxed and sell it back
Golden Temple- in Amritsar, is the holiest shrine of the Sikh religion
Kashmir- conflict is a territorial dispute between India and Pakistan over the Kashmir region
Bangladesh- East Pakistan after it declared its own independence in 1971
Government of India Act- refers to anyone of a series of Acts passed by the U.K. parliament
Armitsar- extremely dishonorable and disgraceful event because of the kind of brutality that was practiced by the British on the helpless Indians
Mahatma- refers to a term known as the Great Soul; the Indian people had referred Mohandas Gandhi as this
Civil Disobedience- refusal to obey laws considered to be unjust by many



Timeline:
1947: India and Pakistan became independent nations
Indian Architecture
Indian Architecture

1948: Mohandas Gandhi was assassinated by a Hindu militant
1949: The Republic of Indonesia is established
1971: Eas Pakistan becomes independent Bangladesh
1992: Hindu militants destroy Muslim shrine at Adodhya
2002: India-Pakistan fighting over Kashmir escalates
2002: East Timor wins independence from Indonesia