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1835-1925

Aaron, Lindsay, and Justin


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America standing over Africa


"The poetry of heroism appeals irresistibly to those who don't go to a war, and even more to those whom the war is making enormously wealthy. It's always so."
Ferdinand de Lesseps

A lot has happened at this time. It took place in the nineteenth century. The western expanded into Asia and Africa began. European nations started to look at them as a source of industrial raw materials and a market for western manufactured goods. They no longer traded gold and silver for cloves, pepper, tea, and silk. Africa and Asia now traded for things they needed sauch as oil, tin, and rubber. Now europeans were fighting for land close to Africa and Asia trading points. These fights were known as imperialism. Then there was a “new imperialsim” that had Europeans wanting to control places that had tin, oil, and rubber. This lead to Social Darwinism and racism. Darwinists believed that the fit were victorious. But te racists believed that certain races were inferrior to others. Some thought that they should bring the Christian beliefs to the “heaven masses” for others it meant that the western democracy would benefit them.

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England had control of surrounding countries

The Suez canal was a big project during this time. It was completed in 1869. it was contracted by Ferdinand de Lesseps. The British took a big intrest in Egypt after the canal was opened. They believed it was a “lifeline to India”. At this time the canal was mostly owned by the British. They then thought that should also control the Sudan to protect their instrests in Egypt and the Suez canal. But to ruin their plan, Muhammad Ahmad took control of Sudan.

In 1810, Mexico had their first revolt. At this time Miguel Hidalgo did his best to free the Indians and mestizos from the Spanish. He Said “My children, this day comes to us as a new dispensation, are you ready to receive it? Will you be free? Will you make the effort to recover from the hate Spaniards the lands stolen from your forefathers 300 years ago.” he said this to rouse them up to prepare to become free. They later formed a mob armed and attcaked the Spaniards. The mob wasnt strong enough and the Spaniards sent Hidalgo to death.


People:
Muhammad Ali: He introduced a series of reforms to bring Egypt into the modern world. He also modernized the army and set up a publice school system.
Commodore George Dewey: He lead the United States naval forces in the Spanish-American War and defeated the the Spanish fleet In Manila Bay.
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Map of the Imperialism
King Mongkut: He was known to theatergoers as the king in “The King and I”. He prevented Thailand from being colonial ruled.
Ferdinand de Lesseps: He signed a contract to begin building the Suez Canal which was also known as “lifeline to India”.
King Leopold II: He was the real driving force behind the colonization of centeral Africa and ended up with the territories around the Congo River.
Shaka: The ruler of the Zulu tribe that carved out their own empire.
Mohandas Gandhi: He went to London to become a laywer. He want to South Africa to work in a law firm serving Indian workers there.
Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna:he ruled Mexico from 1833 to 1855. He misused state funds, halted reforms, and created chaos.


Terms:

Viceroy- a governor who ruled as a representative of a monarch
Imperialism- extension of a nation’s power over other lands, was not new
Protectorate- a political unit that depends on another government for its protection
Annexed- incorporated a country within a state, which Great Britain did in 1874
Sepoys- protect the company’s interests in the region, which the British East India Company had its own soldiers and forts and it hired Indian soldiers
Indigenous- Native to a region, which the Boers put many of these people in the areas on reservations
Creoles- They were descendants of Europeans born in Latin America who lived there permanently. They did find the principles of the equality of all people in the eyes of the law, free trade, and a free press very attractive.
Peninsulares- Spanish and Portuguese officials who resided temporarily in Latin America for political and economic gain and then returned to their original countries.
Caudillos- strong leaders, who ruled chiefly by military force and were usually supported by the landed elites. Many kept the new national states together.
Mestizos- people of Euopean and Indian descent, to free themselves from the Spanish

Timeline

1819 British colony of Singapore founded
1848 Mexico loses nearly half of its territory to the U.S.
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Propoganda was used to encourage war support

1855 Livingstone becomes the very first European to see Victoria Falls
1879 Zulu king meets with British ambassadors
1880 "New imperialism" began

1884 France makes the Vietnam Empire a protectorate
1896 Britain and France agree to maintain Thailand as a buffer state
1898 U.S. defeats Spain for control over the Philippines
1900 Virtually all of SE Asia is under European rule
1910 Emiliano Zapata leads peasant movement in Mexico