french_rev..gif

1789-1815
Justin Kaiser, Lindsay Nerby, Aaron Fraase

"There is only one cure for gray hair. It was invented by a Frenchman. It is called the guillotine."
P.G. Wodehouse

The french revolution all started in 1789. There was a mob that stormed through Bastille in the look for weapons. They went there because it was a royal armory filled with weapons. And this is when the fight started. It began in at one o'clock when they managed to lower two drawbridges surrounding he fort. They were joined by the French Guard. So the fort had to fight off bomb that was being
guillotine.jpg
The infamous Guillotine
thrown by the French Guard. And a whole bunch of men surrounding them. It started out bad with the mob dieing faster than the Bastille people and it looked bad for them until more attackers arrived. The Leader got intimidated and surrendered. Because of all the people the mob lost, they cut off the Leader's head and carried it with victory through the streets of Paris.


A big problem struck in 1787. Slowdowns in manufacturing and bad harvests led to a big food shortage. To add more to this problem, there was a rise in prices. At this time almost one third of the population was considered poor. Almost all women and little girls had no shoes or stockings
tennis_court_oath.png
Tennis Court Oath
on their feet. Even though the town was in great need of money, the French government didn't seem to care so much. They continued to spend large amounts of money on costly wars and court luxuries. The government also spent a lot of money to help the American colonists against Britain. On the verge of a complete financial collapse, the government was forced to call a meeting to raise new taxes. This led to the French parliament in 1614.

1801 was a important date during this time. Napoleon made an agreement with the pope to recognize Catholicism as the religion of s majority of the French people. Because the Pope agreed with him, in return he agreed not to ask for the return of the church lands seized in the revolution. Because of this the Catholic church was not an enemy to the French government. People who had brought church lands during the revolution became supporters of the Napoleon regime.




People:
1King Louis XVI: The French Revolution occurred during his reign of power. He would be eventually guillotined on January 21,1793.
2 Marie Antoinette: She was tried in court and convicted of treason and executed by the guillotine on October 16, 1793.
3 Georges Danton: He had a moderate influence on the Jacobins, he was killed by the guillotine after being accused during the french revolution
4 Maximilien Robespierre: He was the main leader of the french revolution. He dominated The Committee of Public Safety.
Dr._Guillotin.jpg
Dr. Joseph-Ignace Guillotin
He was arrested and executed in 1794.

5 Jean-Paul Marat: He was the leader of the Jacobins. He broadcast his views through impassioned public speaking, essay writing, and newspaper journalism, which had carried his message throughout France at the time.
6 Napoleon Bonaparte: He was nicknamed the "Little Corporal". He was also known to be the "Good Emperor." His reign lasted from 1799 to 1815.
7 Charlotte Corday: This was the person who stabbed Jean-Paul Marat. She said "I killed one man to save 100,000."
8 Emperor Napoleon I: He was the emperor of French from 1804 to 1815. He took the crown from Pope Pius VII on December 2, 1804.
9 Pope Pius VII: He was a monk, bishop and a theologian who reigned as the Pope from March 14, 1800 to August 20 1823.
10 Arthur Wellesely: He was a British soldier and statesman, but was born in Ireland. He was also given the title of Duke of Wellington. He drove the French out of Spain in 1813.

Terms:
A drawing or cartoon of the guillotine
A drawing or cartoon of the guillotine
Relics of feudalism:
Aristocratic privileges that were obligations that survived from an earlier age.
Coup d'etat: A sudden overthrow of the government. This was led be the successful and popular general Napoleon Bonaparte.
Nationalism: The unique culture identity of a people based on common language, religion, and national symbols.
Sans-culottes:Ordinary patriots without fine clothes that were part of the Paris Commune.
Bourgeoisie: A middle class that was part of the Third Estate.
Civil Code: This code preserved most of the gains of the revolution by recognizing the priciple of the equality of all citizens.
Factions: These were dissenting groups. The most important ones were the Girondins and the Mountain.
Jacobin: This was a large network of political groups throughout France.
Nantes: This was where victims were exicuted by being sunk in barges in the Loire River.
Electors: These were individuals qualified to vote in an election. They had to be owners of property worth a certain amount of money.

king_louis_xiv_1.png
King Louis XIV
jacobin_club.png
Jacobin Club


Map of french revolution in 1812
Map of french revolution in 1812

Marie Antoinette
Marie Antoinette




Time Line:
1787: This was when a slowdown in manufacturing led to food shortages, rising prices for food, and unemployment.
1789: This was when the beginning of a new United Sates of America and the beginning of the French Revolution.
1792: This was when the Legislative Assembly declared war on Austria which later lead to an attack on the royal palace and Legislative Assembly.
1793: The king which was Louis XVI was beheaded on the guillotine.
1794: The Committee of Public Safety took control and acted to defend France from foreign and domestic threats.
1795: This was very important because this was when the Directory was formed.
1799: Napoleon participates in coup d'etat that topples French government
1801: This was when Napoleon reached an agreement with the pope about catholicism.
1804: Napoleon is crowned king and crowns himself.
1815: Duke of Wellington and his army defeated Napoleon at Waterloo at this time.
Emperor Napoleon I
Emperor Napoleon I

Symbol of the peoples mockery of the guillotine
Symbol of the peoples mockery of the guillotine