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1949-1997

Justin Kaiser, Lindsay Nerby, Aaron Fraase

"The Communists are a disease of the heart." Chiang

One of the most famous things that happened during Communist China was the Long March. The Long March was when Communist forces traveled on a 6,000 march to escape the Nationalist forces. Many of the people froze and starved. The land they covered was very rugged and rough. They had to fight pretty much the whole march. There was 90,000 troops started the march and only nine thousand remained.

When Mao became leader he began the Great Leap Forward. The first thing Mao did was that he organized the already big sized collective farms into vast communes. He thought this would help form the classless society. Bad weather and the peasants hatred of this made the plan a complete failure. 15 million people died of starvation during this.
The Tiananmen Square Massacre was a huge thing that happened during Communist China. Deng Xiaoping was the leader during this because Mao had died. Students wanted democracy instead of communism. Deng saw this as a demand to the end of the Communist Party. He ordered tanks and troops to end the demonstration. The troops opened fire and it is estimated 500 to about several thousand were shot or ran over by tanks. 120000 is the estimate for how many were arrested.


Terms

Guerrilla Tactics- Mao made effective use of this, which is using multiple unexpected maneuvers like sabotage and subterfuge to fight the enemy
Redistribution of wealth- shifting of wealth from a rich minority to a poor majority
Permanent Revolution- an atmosphere of constant revolutionary fervor, could enable the Chinese to overcome the past and achieve the final stage of communism
Little Red Book- this was a collection of Mao's thoughts, was hailed as the single most important source of knowledge in all areas
Communes- existing collective farms, normally the size of a village
Per Capita- which literally means per person, is income, including farm income, doubled during the 1980s.
Four Olds- this was the old ideas, old culture, old customs, and old habits that the Red Guards were set out across the nation to eliminate
Long March- lasted from 1933-1935, communists fled from execution and capture and was a 6,000 mile journey
Civil Disobedience- refusal to obey laws considered to be unjust


PeopleSun Yat-sen: He was the leader of the Nationalists. He helped but an end to imperialist powers in China
Chiang Kai-shek: He succceeded Sun as the leader of the Nationalists. He ordering the Shanghai Massacre and broke the alliance between Nationalists and Communists.
Mao Zedong: He was the leader of the Communists in China. He would take over China and beat the nationalists.
Deng Xiaoping: Succceded Mao and brought an end to the Cultural Revolution. He heped the economy greatly.
Richard Nixon: First U.S. President to visit Communist China. He established diplomatic relationships with China

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Map of Communist China


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Communist China flag
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Famous Long March Book
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Chinese Olympics Stadium


Timeline
1949: Communism takes over China
1953: The Korean War ends
1965: Lyndon B. Johnson sends U.S. troops to South Vietnam
1972: U.S. President Richard Nixon visits China
1989: Tiananmen Square massacre
1997: Hong Kong lease ends and is returned to China
Dojo in Foothills, China
Dojo in Foothills, China
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Great Wall of China
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Portrait of Mao Zedong

Chinese New Year tradition
Chinese New Year tradition

Ocean Park in Hong Kong, China
Ocean Park in Hong Kong, China

The Forbidden City in China
The Forbidden City in China